New Course: The Rise of Italian Fascism, c. 1911-1939

Key information:

Name: The Rise of Italian Fascism, c. 1911 – 1939

Tutor: Dr Hannah Malone (Lumley Junior Research Fellow at Magdalene College, Cambridge)

Number of Modules: 7

Module List:

  1. Introduction to Italian Fascism
  2. The First World War
  3. Modernity
  4. The Dead
  5. Colonial Wars
  6. Men and Women
  7. Conclusion

Description:

In this course, Dr Hannah Malone (University of Cambridge) explores the rise of Italian Fascism, focusing in particular on five key questions: (1) How did the experience of the First World War contribute to the rise of Fascism? (2) Was Fascism a forward-looking ideology? Did it embrace modernity or tradition? (3) What was the role of the dead in Fascism? (4) Why did the Fascist regime seek to gain colonies—in Libya, Ethiopia, and in the Balkan Peninsula? (5) How did Fascism seek to impact the lives of ordinary men and women?

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students OCR History AS/A-Level GCE A, Unit Y220 (Italy 1896-1943) or Edexcel History AS/A-Level GCE, Paper 2, Option 2G.1 (The Rise and Fall of Fascism in Italy, c1911-46)

New Course: Mind-Body Dualism

Key information:

Name: Mind-Body Dualism

Tutor: Dr Cressida Gaukroger (Teaching Fellow in Philosophy at University College, London)

Number of Modules: 6

Module List:

  1. What is the Mind-Body Problem?
  2. Descartes and the History of Dualism
  3. The Connection Between Mind and Body
  4. The Conceivability Argument
  5. The Knowledge Argument
  6. Problems with Dualism

Description:

In this course, Dr Cressida Gaukroger (University College, London) explores the philosophical theory of mind-body dualism—the theory that mind and body are distinct kinds of substances. The course begins by considering how dualism differs from materialism and idealism, before delving deeper in the philosophical writings of René Descartes, who offered several arguments for the dualist position. In the third module, we think about the causal connection between mind and body, before considering two more recent arguments for the dualist position. In the final module, we consider the problems with dualism that remain unresolved today.

New Course: Virgil: Aeneid: Book 6

Key information:

Name: Virgil: Aeneid: Book 6

Tutor: Professor Philip Hardie (Senior Research Fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge and Honorary Professor of Latin at the University of Cambridge)

Number of Modules: 6

Module List:

  1. The Place of Book 6 in the Poem
  2. Arrival at Cumae and the Temple of Apollo
  3. The Sibyl
  4. Virgil’s Underworld
  5. Ghosts from Aeneas’ Past
  6. The Pageant of Heroes

Description:

In this course, Professor Philip Hardie (University of Cambridge) explores the sixth book of Virgil’s Aeneid. Beginning with a discussion of the place of Book 6 in the poem as a whole, we then go through the whole of Book 6 in order, focusing on the description of the sculptures on the doors to the Temple of Apollo, the figure of the Sibyl, the layout of the underworld, the ghosts from Aeneas’ past, and the parade of Roman heroes with which the book ends.

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students taking OCR AS/A Level GCE in Latin, A2 Unit L3 (Latin Verse), for which Aeneid 6 is a set text. However, the course will also be useful for students taking OCR AS/A Level GCE in Classical Civilization, A2 Unit CC10 (Virgil and the World of the Hero) and those taking AQA AS/A Level GCE in Classical Civilization, Unit 4 CIV4 Option C (Roman Epic).

New Course: The Unification of Italy

Key information:

Name: The Unification of Italy

Tutor: Dr Marcella Sutcliffe (Research Fellow in History at Clare Hall, Cambridge)

Number of Modules: 7

Module List:

  1. Introduction
  2. Napoleon in Italy, 1796-1815
  3. The Restoration of the Old Order
  4. The 1848 Revolutions
  5. The Emergence of a National Consciousness
  6. The Role of Garibaldi
  7. Conclusion: United at Last?

Description:

In this course, Dr Marcella Sutcliffe (University of Cambridge) explores the Unification of Italy, starting with Napoleon’s invasion of Italy in the late 1790s, and ending with the famous Handshake of Teano in 1861, where Giuseppe Garibaldi handed over control of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies to Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont-Sardinia. As we move through the course, we think about the impact of Napoleon’s reforms on Italy; the extent to which these reforms were reversed in following the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and the various insurrections that followed; the outbreak of rebellions in 1848, including the Five Days in Milan and the declaration of the Republic of Rome; the growth of a national consciousness in the years following the crushing of the democrat movements in 1848-49; and the life, career, and celebrity of Garibaldi, his Expedition of the Thousand to Sicily, and the declaration of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. The course ends by considering the challenges that faced Italy after 1861, including the continued opposition of the Catholic church, and the fact that Rome and Venice remained under the control of the Pope and the Austrians, respectively.

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students taking OCR GCE AS/A Level in History [Unit F964, Option B, Study Topic 2: The Unification of Italy, 1815-70) or Edexcel GCE AS/A Level in History [Paper 2, Option 2D.1: The Unification of Italy, c1830-70].

New Course: Aeschylus: Agamemnon

Key information:

Name: Aeschylus: Agamemon

Tutor: Dr Oliver Thomas (Assistant Professor in Classics at the University of Nottingham)

Number of Modules: 6

Module List:

  1. Introduction
  2. Justice
  3. Fate, Free Will and Human Responsibility
  4. Characterisation
  5. The Power of the Spoken Word
  6. Aeschylus’ Style and Language

Description:

In this course, Dr Oliver Thomas (University of Nottingham) explores Aeschylus’ Agamemnon, the first part of Aeschylus’ great trilogy, the Oresteia, which was first performed in Athens in 458 BC. After a brief introduction to the trilogy as a whole, we spend some time thinking about two key concepts in the play—justice and human responsibility—before moving on to think about characterisation (in Greek tragedy in general, and of Clytemnestra in particular), and the power of the spoken word in the play. In the last section, we think some of the things that make Aeschylean Greek recognisable Aeschylean, focusing in particular on his use of compound-words, as well as his use of metaphor.

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students taking OCR AS/A Level GCE in Classical Civilization, AS Unit CC4 (Greek Tragedy in its context).

New Course: Dickens: David Copperfield

Key information:

Name: Dickens: David Copperfield

Tutor: Dr Aleksandar Stević (Junior Research Fellow in English at King’s College, Cambridge)

Number of Modules: 6

Module List:

  1. Introduction
  2. Self-Reflection
  3. Bildungsroman
  4. Childhood
  5. The Faces of Capitalism
  6. Marriage

Description:

In this course, Dr Aleksandar Stević (University of Cambridge) explores Dickens’ novel David Copperfield. After a brief introduction that sets ths novel in its historical context, we turn to some of the major themes in the novel, including autobiography and self-reflection, professional and social development, and childhood and marriage.

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students reading Charles Dickens’ David Copperfield, which is a set text for WJEC AS/A Level GCE in English Literature.

New Course: British History: The End of the British Empire, 1945-68

Key information:

Name: British History: The End of the British Empire, 1945-68

Tutor: Dr Simon Potter (Reader in History at the University of Bristol)

Number of Modules: 6

Module List:

  1. Introduction
  2. The Legacies of the Second World War
  3. Retreat or Renewal?
  4. Suez and its Aftermath
  5. The Winds of Change
  6. An Unwished-For Future

Description:

In this course, Dr Simon Potter (University of Bristol) explores the final decades of the British Empire, from the end of the Second World War in 1945 to Britain’s withdrawal of troops “East of Suez”, announced by Harold Wilson in 1968. As we move through the course, we think about the impact of the Second World War, the withdrawal of India and Burma from the Empire in the late 1940s, the Suez Crisis of 1956, Harold Macmillan’s now famous ‘Wind of Change’ speech, delivered in Cape Town in 1960.

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students looking at Britain in the years following the Second World War. Relevant options include: OCR History AS/A-Level GCE A Unit Y113 (Britain 1930-1997); AQA History AS/A Level GCE Unit 1J, Part Two (‘Imperial Retreat, 1914-1967), and Edexcel History AS/A Level GCE Option 1H (Britain Transformed, 1918-97).

New Course: British History: British Government in the Age of Revolution, 1783-1832

Key information:

Name: British History: British Government in the Age of Revolution, 1783-1832

Tutor: Dr Sarah Richardson (Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Warwick)

Number of Modules: 7

Module List:

  1. How revolutionary were radical movements after 1789?
  2. What was the appeal of ‘popular conservatism’ during the French Revolution?
  3. How successful were Pitt’s domestic policies?
  4. Does the early nineteenth century witness the evolution of the Liberal and Conservative parties?
  5. What Luddism a ‘backward-looking’ movement?
  6. Did Peterloo lead to the Reform Act of 1832?
  7. Did the Reform Act radically change electoral politics?

Description:

In this course, Dr Sarah Richardson (University of Warwick) explores British politics between the start of the French Revolution in 1789 to the Great Reform Act of 1832. As we move through the course, we think about seven key historical questions from the period, including popular reactions to the French Revolution, the nature of Luddism, the impact of the Peterloo Massacre of 1819, and the impact of the Great Reform Act of 1832.

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students OCR History AS/A-Level GCE A, Unit Y110 (From Pitt to Peel, 1783-1853), Part I (British Government in the Age of Revolution, 1783-1832).

New Course: Augustus Through Coins

Key information:

Name: Augustus Through Coins

Tutor: Professor Kevin Butcher (Professor of Classics at the University of Warwick)

Number of Modules: 13

Module List:

  1. Coins as History
  2. How Coins Were Made
  3. The Roman Monetary System
  4. Who Made the Decisions?
  5. The Rise of Octavian
  6. Before and After Actium
  7. Augustus and the Republic
  8. Augustus’ Honours
  9. The Imperial Cult
  10. Augustus and Religion
  11. The Ludi Saeculares
  12. Foreign Conquests
  13. The Succession

Description:

In this course, Professor Kevin Butcher (University of Warwick) looks at the reign of Augustus through the evidence of coins. The first part of course provides a general introduction to numismatics—what do coins tell us about the past?—as well as the Roman monetary system—who produced coins in Ancient Rome? what were they made of? what denominations were there?

In the second half of the course, we focus on the Emperor Augustus, thinking in particular about how he uses coinage to present a certain image of himself to the Roman people—the rightful son and heir of Julius Caesar, the man who saved the Republic, the recipient of several civic honours, the man who rebuilt Rome, and so on. We also think about other people that appear Augustus’ coins—his colleague and later son-in-law, Marcus Agrippa, and his potential successors, Gaius and Lucius Caesar, and Tiberius.
Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students taking AQA AS/A Level GCE in Classical Civilization, Unit 3 CIV3 Option D (Augustus and the Foundation of the Principate) or OCR AS/A Level GCE in Classical Civilization, AS Unit AH2 (Roman History from original sources), Option 2 (Augustus and the Principate)

New Course: Augustus and the City of Rome

Name: Augustus and the City of Rome

Tutor: Dr Matthew Nicholls (Associate Professor in the Department of Classics at the University of Reading)

Number of Modules: 7

Module List:

  1. Introduction
  2. The Ara Pacis
  3. The Forum Romanum
  4. The Forum Augustum
  5. The Mausoleum of Augustus
  6. Entertainment Architecture
  7. Conclusion

Description:

Before the Emperor Augustus died in 14 AD, he boasted that he had found Rome a city of brick, but left it a city of marble. In this course, Dr Matthew Nicholls (University of Reading) explores Augustus’ rebuilding of the city of Rome through his award-winning digital model of the city. After a brief introduction to Augustus’ rise to power and his building programme as a whole, we turn to individual monuments, including the Ara Pacis, The Forum Romanum, The Forum Augustum, The Mausoleum of Augustus, and the various leisure and entertainment buildings that were constructed in the Campus Martius.

Relevance to Specification:

This course is designed for students taking AQA AS/A Level GCE in Classical Civilization, Unit 3 CIV3 Option D (Augustus and the Foundation of the Principate) or OCR AS/A Level GCE in Classical Civilization, AS Unit AH2 (Roman History from original sources), Option 2 (Augustus and the Principate)